Shared Motherhood / ROPA Method / Reciprocal IVF
Portugal has one of the most progressive laws in Europe in the area of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). In our country, women's couples have exactly the same access rights to paternity as heterosexual couples.
This is an extremely simple process from the bureaucratic point of view, where pregnancy is obtained using sperm donated by an anonymous donor. From a legal point of view, both elements of the couple have exactly the same rights over children, regardless of the element of the couple whose eggs were used in the treatment (which may also be the result of double donation or donation of embryos) or who became pregnant and had the birth of the child/children.
The type of techniques to be used varies from women to women and depends essentially on factors such as the female age and the possible existence of gynecological complications. Unlike other countries where these techniques are applied, in the case of treatments involving in vitro fertilization and the creation of embryos in the laboratory, in Portugal both partners have precisely the same rights over the embryos obtained during the treatment, which means that they can only be used (or donated to another couple, for scientific investigation or destroyed) with the written permission of both elements of the couple. That is, even in a divorce or termination of the relationship, the person whose eggs were not used will have the same rights over the embryos than the companion who is "genetically mother" of them.
This is a guarantee that only exists in Portugal and that makes this the safest country for the realization of this type of treatments.